Metallic materials have a historic and enduring importance in our society. They have paved the path of human civilization with load-bearing applications that can be used under the harshest environmental conditions. metallic materials, specifically steel, aluminium, nickel, and titanium, require a lot of energy when extracted and manufactured and these processes emit large amounts of greenhouse gases and pollution. The availability of metals, efficient mass producibility, low price and amenability to large-scale industrial production have become a substantial environmental burden.
The demand of energy is growing day by day coupled with low carbon energy transition. This creates more opportunities for mining industry. The renewable energy sectors require huge number of metals for energy production, transmission, and storage. “Green metals” are also key to manufacturing the advanced materials needed for communication products, electric mobility, and lightweight design. As a major energy consumer, the mining sector itself is a significant player in energy transition. The mining industry must provide the raw materials for the energy transition and it must do so in a sustainable and socially acceptable way.
There comes in a picture, Green Metal Synthesis. Sustainable, and eco-friendly protocol for synthesizing a wide range of materials/nanomaterials including metal/metal oxides nanomaterials, hybrid materials, and bioinspired materials. As such, green synthesis is regarded as an important tool to reduce the destructive effects associated with the traditional methods of synthesis for nanoparticles commonly utilized in laboratory and industry.
Green metals are eco-friendly in nature. And synthesized by avoiding the production of unwanted or harmful by-products through the build-up of reliable, sustainable, and eco-friendly synthesis procedures. The future of mining industry is green metals and there is long way to go for replacing them with traditional metals.